# 20 Excel tips & functions to increase productivity & make you an expert (I’ve used Microsoft Excel for 20 years!)

**I’ve used Microsoft Excel for 20 years, and these 20 tips & functions will make you an expert and increase your productivity **(with examples of each below):

(1) Wildcards

(2) Duplicate

(3) Remove Duplicates

(4)Transpose

(5) Filter

(6) Conditional Formatting

(7) Sparklines

(8) Pivot Tables

(9) Auto-fill

(10) TRIM

(11) XLOOKUP

(12) IF

(13) SUMIF

(14) SUMIFS

(15) COUNTIF

(16) COUNTIFS

(17) UPPER, LOWER, PROPER

(18) CONVERT

(19) Stock Market data

(20) Geography / Maps

**Let’s discuss each in detail (with examples):**

**(1) Wildcards**

A wildcard is a special character that allow you to perform partial matches on text in your Excel formulas.

Excel has three wildcards: an asterisk “*”, question mark “?”, and “~”

**(2) Duplicate**

Duplicate the data from the cell above.

Ctrl + D fills and overwrites a cell with the contents of the cell above it

**(3) Remove Duplicates**

Remove duplicates in a set of data in Excel Alt+A+M

**(4) Transpose**

This will transform items in rows, to instead be shown in columns, or vice versa.

To transpose a column to a row:

- Select the data in the column,
- 2. Select the cell you want the row to start,
- 3. Right click, choose paste special, select transpose

**(5) Filter**

The FILTER function allows you to filter data based on a query.

For example, you can filter a column to show a specific product or date.

You can also sort in ascending or descending order.

The shortcut for this function is CTRL + SHFT + L

**(6) Conditional Formatting**

Conditional formatting helps to visualize data, and can show patterns and trends in your data

Go to: Home –> Conditional Formatting –> Highlighting Cell Rules

**(7) Sparklines**

Sparklines allow you to insert mini graphs inside a cell provides a visual representation of data. Use sparklines to show trends or patterns in data.

On the ‘Insert tab’, click ‘Sparklines’

**(8) Pivot Tables**

A powerful tool to calculate, summarize & analyze data, which allows you to compare or find patterns & trends in data.

To access this function, go to “Insert” in the Menu bar, and then select “Pivot Table”

**(9) Auto-fill**

With large data sets, instead of typing a formula multiple times, use auto-fill.

There are 3 ways to do this:

(1) Double click mouse on the lower right corner of a 1st cell, or

(2) Highlight a Section and type Ctrl + D, or

(3) Drag the cell down the rows

**(10) TRIM**

TRIM helps to remove the extra spaces in data.

TRIM can be useful in removing irregular spacing from imported data =TRIM()

**(11) XLOOKUP**

XLookup is an upgrade compared to VLOOKUP or Index & Match.

Use the XLOOKUP function to find things in a table or range by row.

Formula: =XLOOKUP (lookup value, lookup array, return array)

**(12) IF**

The IF function makes logical comparisons & tells you when certain conditions are met.

For example, a logical comparison would be to return the word “Pass” if a score is >70, and if not, it will say “Fail” An example of this formula would be =IF(C5>70,”Pass”,”Fail”)

**(13) SUMIF**

Use this to sum the values in a range, when they meet a certain criteria.

For example, use this if you want to figure out the amount of sales in a given region or by person.

**(14) SUMIFS**

SUMIFS sum the values in a range that meet multiple criteria.

For example, use it if you want the sum of two criteria, for example, Apples from Pete.

The formula is SUMIFS (sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], …)

**(15) COUNTIF**

Use COUNTIF to count the number of cells that satisfy a query.

For example, you can count the number of times a particular word has been listed in a row or column.

**(16) COUNTIFS**

CountIf counts the number of times a criteria is met.

For example, it counts the number of times that both (1) apples and (2)price > $10, are mentioned.

**(17) UPPER, LOWER, PROPER**

=UPPER, Converts text to all uppercase,

=LOWER, Converts text string to lowercase,

=PROPER, Converts text to proper case

**(18) CONVERT**

This converts one measurement to another.

There are multiple conversions that you can do.

An example is meters to feet, or Celsius to Fahrenheit.

**(19) Stock Market data**

You can get stock data in Excel

Enter a list of stock ticker symbols, then select the cells and go to the Data tab, then click the Stocks button within the Data Types group.

Excel will attempt to match each cell value to a company stock, and fill in data

**(20) Geography/ Maps**

Instead of researching geographical data or maps, use Excel

With the Geography data type, you can retrieve data like population, time zone, area leaders, gasoline prices, language, and more

Type the data you need, then go to Data Tab -> Geography

**What would you add?**

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